Gardening for November often translates to planting if you’re incorporating a variety of deciduous shrubs and trees. It’s time to plant vines, and in some areas to plant spring bulbs.
Garden Tasks for the Southeast
Prepare to plant in Southeast November by choosing the right spot for your landscaping addition. If you think November is too late to plant deciduous trees and shrubs in your area, you may be right depending on the soil temperature. You can seed if the soil temperature is 50°F (10°C) or higher. When growing evergreen trees, the soil should be 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.5 degrees Celsius) or higher.
This temperature ensures that the newly planted tree or shrub has time to develop a root system in time to enter dormancy. Fall is a good time to plant because the plants aren’t growing and all the energy goes to the roots.
Light pruning of existing trees is appropriate this month. Remove dead and diseased branches that may fall during winter storms and cause damage. Most overall pruning can be left until late winter.
Southeast Gardening to do List
Mulch and prune fruit shrubs and vines, such as those growing on sugarcane shrubs and vines. Remove the old rails.
Clean carefully and thoroughly around your fruit trees, so as not to leave a winter home for insects.
Dig up tender bulbs for winter storage, such as elephant ears and dahlias, when frost darkens the leaves. Cut the plants. Dry for a few weeks and then store in cans or bags at 40-50 degrees with sphagnum moss or bark chips.
Cut back your mums after a frost, and apply 2 to 3 inches of mulch for winter protection. Cut back other frost-damaged perennials. When you do this damage, cut the asparagus to the ground.
Do a soil test. It is best to use dolomite limestone, if necessary, in early spring.
Clean tools before storing them for the winter. Paint thinner can remove the resin from the blade. Harvest sharps and oils before storing them so they are ready to go when you need them again.
Fertilize cool-season grasses with nitrogen this month.
Prepare the beds for early spring plantings such as peas, spinach, and leaf lettuce. Cover them with shredded leaves, rotted sawdust, or compost that will be worked into the soil a few months after planting.
Other Chores in Southeast Gardens in November
Continue raking leaves and mowing the lawn as needed. Be sure to fertilize all houseplants this season and bring them indoors if temperatures are cool in your area.
Some succulent plants are winter growers, and remain dormant in summer. These include Jades and Kalanchoe. Know which ones are in your houseplant collection and care for them accordingly.